Methadone is a synthetic narcotic that is widely used to aide in the detoxification and treatment of opioid addiction. It is classified as a Schedule II drug under the Controlled Substances Act. While it may legally be used under a doctor’s supervision, its non-medical use is considered illegal. German scientists synthesized methadone during World War II because of a shortage of morphine. Methadone was introduced into the United States in 1947 as an analgesic (Dolophinel). In 2008 manufacturers of methadone hydrochloride tablets containing 40 mg have voluntarily agreed to restrict distribution of this formulation to only those facilities authorized for detoxification and maintenance treatment of opioid addiction and hospitals. Manufacturers will instruct their wholesale distributors to discontinue supplying this formulation to any facility not meeting the above criteria.
Methadone can be swallowed or injected and is available as a tablet, disc, oral solution or liquid. Tablets are usually available in 5 and 10 mg formulations. When an individual uses methadone, they may experience physical symptoms like sweating, itchy skin or sleepiness. Individuals who abuse methadone risk building a tolerance too and becoming physically dependent on the drug. Abuse of methadone can also lead to psychological dependence.
When individuals stop using methadone they may experience withdrawal symptoms including anxiety, muscle tremors, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal cramps. The effects of a methadone overdose are slow and shallow breathing, blue fingernails and lips, stomach spasms, clammy skin, convulsions, weak pulse, coma and possible death.
Street names of methadone include: Amidone, Chocolate Chip Cookies, Fizzies, Maria, Pastora, Street Methadone and Wafer. Drugs that have similar effects include: Morphine or heroin, even though they are chemically unlike methadone.
If you or someone you love has a problem with methadone, call our professionals at Sobriety Resources (855)289-2640 today to experience the freedom of sobriety.